Sun, June 23, 2019
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June 2019
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  11th Annual Conference Asian Criminological Society

11th Annual Conference Asian Criminological Society (ACS)

“Contextualizing Challenges in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia”

23 - 26, June, 2019 Cebu, Philippines

The 11th ACS annual conference will take place in Cebu, the Philippines during June 23-26, 2019. More information please check the conference website: http://www.11thacsannualconference.com/

Denmark - Midsummer Eve
In Denmark the solstitial celebration is called Sankt Hans aften ("St. John's Eve"). It was an official holiday until 1770 and in accordance with the Danish tradition of celebrating a holiday on the evening before the actual day, it takes place on the evening of June 23. It is the day where the medieval wise men and women (the doctors of that time) would gather special herbs that they needed for the rest of the year to cure people. It has been celebrated since the times of the Vikings and of Odin and Thor, by visiting healing water sources and making a large bonfire to ward away evil spirits. Today the water source tradition is gone. Bonfires on the beach, speeches, picnics and songs are traditional, although bonfires are built in many other places where beaches may not be close by (i.e. on the shores of lakes and other waterways, parks, etc.). In the 1920s a tradition of putting a witch made of straw and cloth on the bonfire emerged as a remembrance of the church's witchburnings from 1540 to 1693 (but unofficially a witch was lynched as late as 1897). This burning sends the witch to Bloksbjerg, the mountain 'Brocken' in the Harz region of Germany where the great witch gathering was thought to be held on this day.

Finland - Midsummer Eve/St. John's Eve
Before 1316, the summer solstice was called Ukon juhla, after an old Finnish god Ukko. In Karelia, people had many bonfires side by side, the biggest of which was called Ukko-kokko (the "bonfire of Ukko"). At present the midsummer holiday is known as Juhannus, or midsommar for the Swedish-speaking minority, and is the year's most notable occasion for drunkenness and revels. Most of Finland burns bonfires (kokko) at lakesides and eats smoked fish from the same lakes. In the coastal areas that are the stronghold of the Finland-Swedish, these are supplanted by a maypole tradition transferred from Sweden and pickled herring. When Finland was Christianized, the holiday was named after John the Baptist (Johannes) in order to give a Christian meaning for the pagan holiday. The traditions, however, remained quite unchanged and survive in modern-day Finland although they have lost their original purposes.

Latvia - Midsummer Eve./St. John's Eve
In Latvia, Midsummer is called Jani (Janis being Latvian for John) or Ligo Svetki (Svetki = festival). It is a national holiday and Latvians consider Jani about as important as Christmas. Midsummer is celebrated on a large scale by almost everyone in Latvia and by people of Latvian origin abroad. Wherever you go in Latvia during Jani, you'll see solsticial bonfires. Celebrations consist of a lot of traditional elements (eating Janu cheese, drinking beer, singing hundreds of Latvian folk songs dedicated to Jani, jumping over the bonfire, wearing wreaths/crowns made of flowers (for the women) and oak leaves (for the men) together with modern commercial products and ideas. Small oak branches with leaves are attached to cars in Latvia during the festivity.

Luxembourg National Day
Luxembourg National Day

All Saints - Orthodox Christian

Christian day for honoring saints, known and unknown.  In general, saints are persons with reputation for unusual lives of holiness and devotion to God or who were martyred for their faith.  A Holy Day of Obligation in the Roman Catholic Church where saints have special formal status.